Deep sea king penguins and giant king penguins are likely going extinct. For reasons that are not clear to me, however, breeding in the Antarctic has been allowed to go quite far, into the 20th century. Indeed, in 1985 it was estimated that there were no more than 50 breeding pairs on the South Pole at that time. Then, all of a sudden, they were still there. The rate of loss of numbers continues to rise and the number of breeding pairs is dropping rapidly. These birds have just 1 in 2 chances of surviving the century.
The future of the giant king penguins in the Antarctic is also threatened by the depleting of their food source – the giant panda seals.
However, other penguin species still breed on the islands, including the endemic Balearic Tern (Platyrhynchus squamosus), the colony has also been expanding and now numbers at least 240 individuals. There is also some evidence that there may still be some breeding pairs of Struthiomimus sunfishes (Papilio spp.) even though they are not present on the Spanish side of the Iberian Peninsula anymore.
Is it possible to maintain this special bird for its native habitat without affecting the food source?